Per the Dormant Oil product label: Ornamentals: 3 tablespoons (1.5 oz.) per gallon of water, Fruit Trees: 6 tablespoons (3 oz.) per gallon of water (same for shade trees).
Yes, Dormant Spray Oil can be applied outdoors in April as long as the temperature does not exceed 85 degrees Fahrenehit.
It is recommend that Hi-Yield Dormant Spray Oil be applied when the temperature is between 45 degrees and 85 degrees.
Hi-Yield Dormant Spray Oil may be used on fruit trees only during the dormant season, which occurs prior to bud swell. Applications may be repeated at intervals of 3 to 4 weeks during the dormant season.
For Hemlock Wooly Adelgids we typically recommend Dominion 2L.
When using Dominion 2L as a soil drench for Hemlock Woolly Adelgids you should use 0.2 fl. oz. (3 to 6 mL) of Dominion 2L per inch of trunk diameter (D.B.H.) diluted in 1 pint - 1 gallon of water per inch of trunk diameter. The amount of water that is used will vary depending on soil conditions and volumes that are easy for applicators to use. The minimum amount of water that should be used is 1 pint per inch of trunk diameter but you may use 1 quart -1 gallon of water per inch of trunk diameter. Denser soils such as clay do not accept water as readily, so the lower volume of water is suggested. Since sandy soils can accept more water, using the higher volume of water is preferred. After the soil drench has been applied you should water it in with at east 1/2 inch of water. Note: Water simply acts as a carrier and it is important that even distribution of the product is achieved. Thus, more water may be used if the applicator feels runoff will not occur and proper penetration of the root zone is achieved. Insecticides applied to the soil are taken up by the roots and trans-located throughout the tree or shrub. Root/soil drenches offer the advantage of requiring no special equipment to apply (other than a bucket or watering can). However, surface layers of organic matter, such as mulch or leaf litter, can bind the insecticide and reduce uptake. Before applying drenches, it is important to remove or pull back any mulch or dead leaves so the insecticide solution is poured directly on the mineral soil. It is also important to keep the soil around the tree or shrub moist for the next 7-10 days after applications to encourage uptake.
Dormant seasons are the times of the year when trees are not actively growing. This will vary from region to region and by type of tree. We recommend that you contact your local cooperative extension office and ask for information on the type of tree you are treating and the time of year it is dormant (almost all trees are actively growing now in the USA).
Per the Dormant Oil product label: Ornamentals: 3 tablespoons (1.5 oz.) per gallon of water. It can be used on ornamental trees any time depending on your target pest. We recommend that you contact your local cooperative extension office and ask for information on the best timging for the type of pest you are treating.