Trapping and baiting are the two best methods for gopher control. Both rely on timing and proper placement for the best results.
Gopher traps can be placed in lateral tunnels or in main tunnels, just make sure to place them in fresh mounds. Fresh mounds are taller, uncompacted and soil color is darker. Trapping can be done year round.
For main tunnels, find the soil plug in a fresh mound which should be about a foot away. Dig a hole large enough to place a trap inside. For best results place two traps facing the opposite way. Attach them to stakes with thin wire making it easier to locate. Replace the dirt to block out light and air. Check at least once a day in the morning and evening.
For lateral tunnels, find the freshest soil to locate the entrance. Dig a hole large enough to place a trap. Place about a foot into the mound, attaching to a stake with thin wire, so you can locate it easier. Don't plug the hole. The air and light will alert the gopher to a breach in the tunnel. They will try to re-plug the entrance, and encounter the trap.
Poison baits are the alternative to trapping. Find the main tunnel by using a probe. Dig a small hole, apply the bait with a long spoon, and recover the hole. Make sure to not cover up any of the bait with dirt.
Baits should be effective within a few weeks. Re-application might be needed over the course of a few weeks. Check for new fresh mounds, which will be an indication of baiting success. Follow the label for rates and application instructions.
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