Messinas Deer Stopper Ready-to-Use is formulated to effectively and efficiently prevent deer, elks, and moose from incurring damage against property, gardens, ornamentals, plants, and trees. It may be used on vegetables and fruits without inducing harmful effects. It dries fast and clear without leaving any stains and works by taste, smell, and feel. The application can be as often as once a month since it does not wash off easily. The ratio of mixing is 1 is to 9, 1 part concentrated formula into 9 parts water and 13 ounces makes 1 gallon of product. A 32-ounce concentrated bottle can cover up to 10,000 square feet. This particular product comes in a 32 oz. bottle.