Please be sure to read the product label of any insecticide you choose to use to get information on the personal protective safety gear you will need. In most situations, it is recommended that you wear long pants, a long sleeved shirt, closed toe shoes with socks, chemical resistant gloves, and goggles. In areas where ventilation is poor, a manufacturer may recommend you wear a mask or a respirator. We have put together two different safety kits that will make selecting the correct safety gear easier for you.
Once you have determined you have a house mouse infestation the next step is learning how to catch or remove mice from your structure. Sanitation will play a key role in your mouse control program along with trapping and or baiting the mice.
Reducing Mouse Populations
While good sanitation will not eliminate house mice, poor sanitation will certainly attract them and allow them to thrive in great numbers. Remember that the house mouse must have access to a ready supply of food, water, and nesting materials to thrive. Sanitation measures should focus primarily on reducing these sources. To reduce house mouse populations, and to help keep them away, try the following sanitation measures:
Store any bulk food items in large metal containers or other airtight containers with tight fitting lids, rather than bags or boxes that can easily be gnawed through.
Remove clutter such as paper and cardboard that mice might use to build their nests
Keep dog food or other pet food stored in a Rubbermaid container overnight.
Keep a tight fitting lid on all trash cans
Catching & Removing Mice
Trapping and Baiting
After you have followed the sanitation measures outlined above you can start the mice removal process. There are several methods available for both indoor and outdoor mouse control and you should choose the method(s) that best fits your needs and preferences.
Indoor Mouse Elimination:
Method 1- Glue traps, snap traps and live catch traps
bait for trap
Trapping is the preferred method of indoor control. There are several advantages to using traps for mouse removal indoors. Trapping does not require the use of mouse poisons indoors. Using mouse traps allows you to know if a mouse has been trapped so that you can can be sure your efforts are working. And last, trapping allows you to remove the carcass to avoid bad odors and secondary insect infestations from decaying carcasses.
A mouse snap trap is a wooden, metal, or plastic trap with a powerful snap hinge intended to kill rodents quickly. Snap traps are typically used with some form of bait to lure the rodent to the trap.
Snap traps should be placed in areas where you noticed activity during your inspection. To maximize the chances of rodents passing over traps during their travels, traps should be placed perpendicular to the wall with the trigger end almost touching the wall. Alternatively, you can place a pair of traps end to end, parallel to the wall, with the triggers positioned to intercept rodents traveling from either direction.
The right mouse bait will lure mice to the snap trap, especially when most other food sources have been eliminated through proper sanitation.
Ideal baits for rodents are those that give off an aroma, such as peanut butter, nuts, cereal or dog food.
When using solid baits, tie the bait to the trigger. This will prevent rodents from being able to remove unsecured bait without setting off the trap.
Where other food sources are abundant and cannot be eliminated, soft nesting material such as dental floss, cotton, or Styrofoam tied to the trigger may do the trick.
A mouse glue trap is a flat piece of cardboard or a shallow plastic tray that is covered in a specially designed adhesive that can be placed flush against floors and walls where rodents travel. When mice travel over the glue trap, they become "stuck" and will eventually die. Some traps come pre-scented to help lure the rodents to walk over the trap. In most cases, simply placing the trap flush against the wall in areas where mice have been active is all that is needed.
Live Catch Traps:
Live catch mouse traps for mice typically allow you to catch multiple mice in one trap. The traps are usually made of metal and some have clear windows on top to allow you to view inside. A mouse is attracted to small dark areas and tunnels and will enter the box out of curiosity. You can also bait the trap with the same types of bait used in snap traps. Live catch traps are a great way to remove mice from your structure without harming the rodent. You will need to check with your local authorities to see what the ordinances are on catching and releasing mice in your region. Some live catch traps also give you the option to add a glue board to kill the mice. This method is often used when you want to keep the glue board protected from non-target animals and children but still be able to use it to catch mice.
Method 2: Baiting:
While you can use mouse bait poison indoors, we strongly urge you NOT to do so. After a mouse consumes a lethal dose of the bait it is possible that the animal can get into an area that is inaccessible making removing the carcass impossible. This can lead to a terrible odor and a secondary insect infestation. If you choose to bait inside, please place mouse bait inside tamper resistant bait stations and place the stations out of reach of non-target animals and children. You should remove mouse carcasses as soon as they are located.
There is no such product that will cause rodents to go outside of a building, go outside to seek water (they already have water inside!) or dry up so they do not have an odor when they die. These myths were likely introduced by unscrupulous salesmen to get homeowners to allow the baits to be used inside their homes.
In some cases, you may run into a rodent that seems to avoid your traps at all costs, perhaps because of narrowly escaping a trap in a previous encounter. This will require more clever strategy. One method is to camouflage the trap by first burying an unset trap in grain, straw, or sawdust in a shallow pie pan. Baits should be placed in 3 to 4 small pieces on top of the pan with the trap hidden. Once the rodent accepts these baits without issues for several nights, the same bait can be used on the set trap.